Grieth_Panorama © Stadt Kalkar

Kalkar and Grieth on the Rhine

Kalkar and Grieth were designated as Hanseatic by-towns under Wesel from 1540 onwards. Wesel represented Kalkar, Grieth and other smaller towns e.g. at Hanseatic and quarter days. They themselves were neither economically nor politically in a position to play an independent active role in the Hanseatic League but participated in meetings and consultations of the Kleve group of towns on Hanseatic matters.

Trade and family connections from Kalkar and Grieth to Danzig and Norway are documented. Merchants from Kalkar traveled to Nijmegen, Deventer, Kampen and Zwolle as well as to Gotland, Lübeck, Danzig and Hamburg. They also maintained contacts with Westphalian Hanseatic towns. Trade goods were primarily grain, beer and sheepskins. On May 20, 1572, Kalkar, Grieth and other towns in Kleve declared their withdrawal from the Hanseatic League.

Official Webpage

Open Webpage

Facts & Figures

Icon Founded


Year 1230

Icon Location


51.78651 latitude and 6.313300 longitude

Icon Population



UNESCO World Heritage

  • Lower Germanic Limes, 2021

What is the city known for?

  • Kalkar:
    Historical city center with St. Nicolai church
  • Grieth:
    Old fishermen and boatmen town located directly on the Rhine with cycle ferry Grieth-Grietherort


  • “May has come – the Sunday market in Kalkar”, 2nd Sunday in Mai, flower- and herb market, regional products
  • Summer in the city: beach atmosphere on the historical market place with events every weekend, mid-June to mid-July
  • Nicholas market, 1st advent weekend